Genetic evaluation for mealy bug, Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) resistance in rice varieties. Passionvine mealybug also has the common name of coffee mealybug but has not been reported as a pest of citrus. SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE 566 CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. A list of pests of cereals in Burma. Mealybug females feed on plant sap, normally in roots or other crevices, and in a few cases the bottoms of stored fruit. Mallikarjuna Rao P, 1987. Basu AC; Banerjee SN, 1965. Medeol Inst. Review of Research, Division of Entomology, 1947-1964. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. At first, the rice mealybug Brevennia rehi was recorded as Ripersia sacchari Green by Lefroy (1908), attacking rice in India, and later, Brevennia rehi was confirmed as the valid name for the rice mealybug by Miller . Mealybugs are very small, soft-bodied, oval-shaped insects that are covered with a white, powdery wax coating. Other important hosts include many well-known weeds, such as millet (Echinocloa spp.) More. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Mealybug insect also act as a vector for several plant diseases. Mealybugs are very small, soft-bodied, oval-shaped insects that are covered with a white, powdery wax coating. MSc (Ag.) Although they vary in size, the five nymphal instars are not easily distinguished from one another because of their similarity in appearance. Heteroptera of Economic Importance. Madras Agricultural Journal, 74(4-5):226-227, Gopalan M; Radja NC; Balasubramanian G, 1987. Mitchell PL, Paysen ES, Muckenfuss AE, Schaffer M, Shepard BM. Jayarani S; Velusamy R, 1994. Broad-headed bugs belong to the family Alydidae, a well-known but relatively small family of plant-feeding true bugs. These bugs also seek shelter during dry months (Corbett 1930). Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 60(12):850-851. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta, India, 9:65-83. Paper presented at the International Rice Research Conference, April 18-22, 1983. International Rice Research Newsletter, 16(6):8-9. Chemical: Rice bug control relies mainly on chemical insecticides and a number are available. Rice semilopper 3.Green horned catterpilllar 4. Buitenz., 61:42-43. Mealybugs of Central and South America. The rice mealybug is found in upland and rainfed environments. The mealybugs of southern Iran (Hem. Rice ear cutting caterpillar 12. passionvine mealybug, Planococcus minor Field specimens of citrus mealybug cannot be distinguished from passionvine mealybug. 33-34. Die schldlausnamon in fulmeks wirtsindex 1943. PANS, 21(4):380-383. The number corresponds to the reference in which the host was stated to bear large numbers of the mealybug, and this reference is given after the host list (Stibick, 1997; Chang and Miller, 1996). Several viruses in the ampelovirus group are associated with pineapple mealybug wilt disease, and are spread by these Dysmicoccus species. Further studies on rice mealy bug, Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera). The fourth antennal segment is curved and longer than the third segment (Corbett 1930). The bugs prefer to attack milk stage grains. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(4):45, Gopalan M; Radja NC; Balasubramanian G, 1987. Banerjee SN, 1956. 2001. Mealy Bug – Scientific Name > Ferrisia virgata What is Mealy Bug? During the heat of midday, they leave the rice crop in search of wild grassy areas (Pathack and Khan 1994). Minor pests of rice 1. When injuries accumulate, the plant becomes stressed, which can lead to growth retardation of the grains and some grain and plant deformation. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 60:109-188. Mae Posop: The Thai rice god: n. Noodles: Are made from rice flour, white and semi-transparent they are used mainly in soups and stir-frying. These bugs have globular, protruding eyes in addition to small ocelli (simple eyes), which are difficult to see. CRC Press. A list of coccoidea of Pakistan and their natural enemies. Annotated list of Indian Crop Pests. Pusa. General and Applied Entomology., India: Government Press. International Rice Research Newsletter, 19(2): 13. Occurrence of rice mealy bug, Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) in Assam. Indian Journal of Sugarcane Research and Development, 6:72-75. Madras Agricultural Journal, 23:397-400. The rice mealybug Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) now recorded from Australia and Papua New Guinea (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Peanut mealybug colonies form on shoots, stems, leaves and peanut kernels, and develop into white masses. Part 2. Insect pest of rice 1. Nayar KK, Ananthakrishnan TN, David BV, 1976. Chlorotic streak, a new virus disease of rice. New records of mango shield scale Milviscutulus mangiferae (Green) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) and Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in north Queensland. Liu T; Tao CC, 1988. It has a 15-25mm wingspan. 1994. Pusa, 3:33-34. Oryza sativa is the scientific name for Asian rice species most commonly used in the U.S.There are many natural varieties of rice based on the natural environment in which they evolved or adapted. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. In: Technichal Bulletin of the Commonwealth Institute for Biological Control, 3 31-39. The long tailed mealy bug prefers to dine on tropical plants such as bromeliads, coleus, crotons, or even the hoya plant. Mexican Bamboo. Bhuyan U; Kalita H; Bora DK, 2006. Rice mealybug and its alternate host plants. These eggs develop into crawlers, which are mobile nymphs (offspring). 137-142. Gopalan M; Raja NC; Balasubramanian G, 1987. Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Tribe: Sedeae Subtribe: Sedinae Genus: Echeveria Description. UK, CAB International, 1979. These true bugs give off offensive odors when disturbed. Corbett (1930) indicated that nymphs and adults may be attracted to trap crops of grasses or early-planted rice and the insects can be collected before the flowering of the main crop. Hemiptera:Alydidae Host plants Rice is the main host of rice bug but it feeds … Rice Swarming caterpillar 11. Pollen beetle 2. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Varietal resistance to and damage potential of rice mealy bug, Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera). Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice, is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice. Hill DS. There are 18 pairs of short waxy filaments around the margin of the body. Dry spells and the presence of grassy weeds that harbor this insect pest favor the population buildup of the rice mealybug. Leptocorisa acuta adults are crepuscular (active during the early morning and late afternoon). There are five wingless nymphal instars with a total nymphal period of 25-30 days. passionvine mealybug, Planococcus minor. International Rice Research Newsletter, 5(3):12-13. Store your flour in food grade buckets with sealed lids – use 1-gallon, 3.5-gallon, or 5-gallon depending on where you are storing and how often you access your flour. Deformed, wilted, and rolled leaf . Methamidophos½ litre 3. Irrigation should be managed to avoid excess humidity. A list of pests of cereals in Burma. In: Quarterly Newsletter, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the South-East Asia and Pacific Region, 23 3-7. Mealy bug Scientific name Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) What it does Both adult and nymph mealybugs remove plant sap by sucking. INSECT PESTS OF RICE R. Regmi Assistant professor Department of entomology 2. Black Hens and Chicks. Annotated list of crop pests in the state of Orissa. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. Fletcher TB, 1919. Identification - Outbreak of this insect is being seen from last many years and it is being estimated that this insect will cause a great damage for crop in coming years. Leptocorisa acuta is typically fou… Quarterly Newsletter, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the South-East Asia and Pacific Region, 2:1-4. Basu AC; Banerjee SN, 1965. Common Name: Rice stink bug Scientific Name: Oebalus pugnax (Fabricius) Order: Hemiptera Description: Adult rice stink bugs are straw-colored, 3/8 to 1/2- inch long, somewhat elongated and flattened with forward pointing spines on the shield-like segment behind the head (pronotum). They first stay under the body of the adult female and later crawl from plant to plant. In: Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, 20 61-66. International Rice Research Newsletter, 3(5):15. Santhanaraman T, 1952. 321-336. Dacca: B. Proc. In: Report of Proceedings of the Third Entomology Meeting, Pusa, 1:341-343. Why and where it occurs Dry spells and the presence of grassy weeds that harbor this insect pest favor the population buildup of the rice mealybug. They are also dispersed by wind. According to Corbett (1930), newly emerged nymphs can live for at least 24 hours without food. Pink borer 10. Leptocorisa acuta has not been found in the U.S. despite the large acreage of rice grown in California, Louisiana and Arkansas. Also known as Asian rice, it is a grass which is known for being easy to genetically modify and a model plant for cereal biology. 75 (3), 372. Rice Plant Genus and Other Classification. Dysmicoccus brevipes. Moghaddam M, 2006. Rice bugs have been found in Australia, Bangladesh, Burma, China, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, The Philippines, Thailand and Samoa as well as in several Central American countries. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Scientific Classification. Ayyar TVR, 1940. Scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. Echeveria 'Black Prince' is a slow-growing succulent that produces clumps of short rosettes of dark triangular leaves. This insect belongs to the family named Coreidae of Hemiptera order. Velusamy R, 1989. In: Miscellaneous activity of Entomology Division 1975-77, Vol.2. Prevent them from appearing and elminate them if they do appear with kitchen hygiene strategies. Each nymphal instar looks remarkably similar to the one before it, except each successive nymph is larger than the last and wing pad enlargement occurs. Wallingford, Oxon, UK; CAB International, 260 pp. Lindinger L, 1943a. Miller DR; McKenzie HL, 1970. Review of the mealy bug genus Heterococcus with a description of a new species. Note, there is a related species, Leptocorisa oratorius, but research in Indonesia concluded that the loss due to the pest was minimal. Some of the most popular pantry foods that have been attacked by weevils include foods like beans, cereals, corn, seeds, nuts, fruits, flour, oatmeal, mixes, dog food, chili powder, whole grain rice (jasmine, brown, etc. Greenhouse rearing and rating scale for rice mealybug. Imperial Council Agricultural Research Miscellaneous Bulletin No. Rice mealybug and its alternate host plants. Kaigai Nogyo Seminar, 12:71-97 (In Japanese). Pests of Crops in Warmer Climates and Their Control. It is seen that female mealy bugs are more destructive than male mealy bugs How does it … Sen Gupta GC; Behrua K, 1957. International Rice Research Newsletter, 6(4):11-12. It occurs in great number during the rainy season. Pests of rice., London, Longman & Greeen. Oryza, 8:111-112. Rice seed bug, rice bug, rice earhead bug. Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, No. Trehan KN; Angle SV, 1948. Nachutrag. In addition, many mealybug species have projections extending from their body, giving them the appearance of having many legs on the side and rear of the body. MSc (Ag.) Vine mealybug has a wide host range, feeding on several agricultural and weedy plant species. Mammen KV, 1976. UK CAB International, 1979. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The rice mealybug Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) now recorded from Australia and Papua New Guinea (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). The larvae are dull, yellowish/white body and a dark brown head. Heinrichs EA, 1983. Males are small aphid-like winged insects. Confirmation requires slide-mounting and/or molecular testing of the adult female. So as to accomplish high level of customer trust, we are keenly involved in offering Neem Insecticide.We offer them at reasonable rates. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). oriental cacao mealybug, lilac mealybug. Switchgrass. Ants can nurture mealybug colonies, collecting honeydew while keeping predators away. White Lotus. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Host plant index of Indo-Ceylonese coccidae. Planococcus lilacinus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Other common names . Lakshmanan P; Manokaran T; Mohan S, 1988. Mole cricket 6. Springer. According to entomology, this insect belongs to hemiptera order and homoptera suborder. 12 (3), 134-135. The name originates from the pair of long tail filaments which extend from its rear, and often are longer than its body. Females live longer than males on average: 60 and 48 days, respectively. Indian Department of Agriculture, Mem. According to Schaefer and Panizzi (2001), females lay up to 25-87 eggs over their life time. Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) a potential pest of rice in the U.S. (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). They attach themselves to the plant and secrete a powdery wax layer (hence the name "mealy" bug) used for protection while they suck the plant juices. Outbreaks of pest and diseases, India, Laos, Papua Guinea. Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) is the valid name for rice mealy bug. 42-43. It is thought that rice in the flowering stage is the preferred host. Grimshaw JF; Donaldson JF, 2007. Flour Bugs are very common. Cultural: As a preventive measure, the removal of alternate hosts, especially graminaceous weeds, can prevent rice bug populations from reaching damaging levels. Rice Bug is one of the most economically important insect pests of the world. Outbreaks of pest and diseases, India, Laos, Papua Guinea. Ganguli RN; Ghosh MR, 1964. Nymphs hatching from eggs are at first bright red with black markings. RICE MEALYBUG Tuttle Mealybug; Heterococcus tuttlei Miller and McKenzie, 1970; Ripersia oryzae Green, 1931; ... Scientific name @ source (records) Poaceae : Cynodon dactylon @ CSCA_TCN : Dactyloctenium aegyptium @ CSCA_TCN : Oryza @ CSCA_TCN : Sorghum sp @ CSCA_TCN : Sorghum vulgare @ CSCA_TCN : go to Discover Life's Facebook group: Following modified from Australian … Common Names. Studies on the biology of rice mealy bug, Ripersia oryzae Green in East Pakistan. Gunawardena NE, Ranatuga PR. Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) is the valid name for rice mealy bug. Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) a potential pest of rice in the U.S. (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(4):18. On the influence of paddy pest in West Bengal. Rice bugs, mealy bug, mole cricket and their control. Leptocorisa acuta is typically found during the flowering stage of the rice crop, which coincides with rainfall and high humidity at the beginning of the wet season (Reji and Chander 2007). Insect pests of rice. Hatai N, 1973. Pathak MD, Khan ZH. Corbett (1930) noted that adults can disperse by flying from plant to plant in a field, but do not appear capable of sustained flight. Shroff KO, 1920. These bugs are usually seen feeding on the foliage and flowers of leguminous and graminaceous crops. Lary E. Reeves, University of Florida. Insect Environment, 12(3):134-135. Consequently, the plant reacts to repair the tissue and seal the wound. Agricultural Information Series, 3:643-655. The mealy bugs (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Psuedococcidae) of sugarcane, rice and sorghum. CITRUS MEALYBUG SCIENTIFIC NAME: Planococcus citri (Risso) CLASS: Insecta ORDER: Hemiptera FAMILY: Pseudococcidae : Adult Female and Crawlers From: University of Florida : Life Cycle From: NC Extension: DESCRIPTION: Adults: The female citrus mealybug is wingless and appears to have been rolled in flour (hence the name). General Information Common name: Rice bugs Scientific name: Leptocorisa spp. Due to its broad distribution in other rice-producing countries, Leptocorisa acuta is a potential invasive pest for the U.S., but has not yet been reported. Populations tend to increase during the flowering stage of the rice crop, which coincides with warmer weather. It has been unintentionally introduced across the globe through international trade. Miller D R, 1973. If these adults are present in your garden, they are doing your plants a great service. Corbett GH. and the rice mealy bug (Ripersia oryzae Green). Top borer of sugarcane The scientific name of top borer of sugarcane is Scirpophaga novella (Fabricius) with family Pyralidae and belonging to order Lepideoptera. Generally, it is not recommended to spray in the early stages of crop growth (0−40 DAP) because the plant can recover from much of the damage without any loss to yield.. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. International Rice Research Newsletter, 4(5):20. Rice husk (Bhossi) 10 kg/acre 2. Anon, 1975. Anjaneyulu A; Sing SK; Shukla VD; Shenoi; MM, 1980. Australian Journal of Entomology. Rice mealy bug: Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) Local name: Hittu tigane. London: Longman & Greeen. pp 37-38. On the influence of paddy pest in West Bengal. The soorai disease of paddy. ... Scientific Name: Cryptolaemus montrouzieri. 13: Mealy bug infestation during early stage of crop. Identification of rice mealybug species Brevennia rehi has undergone several modifications across space and time (CABI 2003). Large populations of mealybugs appear as accumulations of white, cottony-looking wax on the plant. The males on the other hand are short-lived as they do not feed at all as adults and only live to fertilize the females. This wax is produced by special glands and g… On mature … Scientific Name. In: Alam MZ, Ahmed A, Alam S, Islam Md. Mealy Bug Destroyers are imported help that has successfully controlled a pest, making plants everywhere very happy. New records of some natural enemies of rice mealy bug, Ripersia oryzae Green (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). 21 (4), 380-383. 20 (1), 46. They are a light yellow-green to yellow-brown color (Figure 1). The following are ranked with the pesticides having the greatest IPM value listed first—the most effective and least harmful to natural enemies, honey bees, and the environment are at the top of the table. Finding bugs in rice can be disconcerting, to say the least. Arb. These bugs prefer to feed when the host plants are young, at a time when the starches within the grains are not yet fully formed. Two subterranean pests of upland rice in Papua New Guinea. Both adult and nymph mealybugs remove plant sap by sucking. Family Pseudococcidae . Mealy bug Scientific name Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) What it does Both adult and nymph mealybugs remove plant sap by sucking. Int. Joydelpur, Dacca, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, 137-142. MSc(Ag.) International Rice Research Newsletter, 19(4):32. Common name Rice bug Scientific name Leptocorisa oratorius (Fabricius), L. chinensis (Dallas), L. acuta (Thunberg) Grain-sucking pests—slender rice bugs Leptocorisa oratorius (Fabricius) Leptocorisa acuta (Thunberg) Hemiptera: Alydidae A number of grain-sucking bugs feed on a ripening crop. The females and “crawlers,” or active young, cluster along the veins on the undersides of leaves. Anantanarayanan KP; Abraham EV, 1957. Crop Protection, 8(4):265-270. Journal of Economic Entomology, 58:621-623. Scientific Name. Likewise, well-drained soils are also suitable for the insect pest. South Indian Coccoidea. Appearance What do they look like? Widespread. General and Applied Entomology. Alam M Z, 1975. Ent., 10:145-152. Product Details: SJS Neem Auram EC pesticide formulation containing Azadirachtin as the main active ingredient is available in various proportions – 0.15% ,0.3% , 1.0% ,5.0%. Common members of the Pseudococcidae are the citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) and the citrophilus mealybug … Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 46:113- 153. Indian Journal of Entomology, 26:358-359. The name given to wild rice by native American tribes, meaning precious grain. When disturbed, adults emit an unpleasant odor considered to be stronger than the odor emitted by true stink bugs (Pentatomidae). This results in curling of leaves and wilting of plants. But there are ways to prevent them from showing up. Upon adult emergence in the spring, rice bugs feed on wild host plants for one or two generations before migrating into rice fields. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 401. Striped Stem Borer of Rice The . ; Coumararadja N ; Balasubramanian G, 1987 the fungus that causes sheath rot disease regional.! Writer ; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org rice mealy bug scientific name mealybug Destroyers look like spotless black lady beetles that have brown heads pest... ( Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae ) Similar species Planococcus citri ( Hemiptera: )! Is curved and longer than its body citrus mealybugs are very small,,! Main purpose of having a scientific name is the plant becomes stressed, which coincides warmer... Genetic evaluation for mealy bug, Ripersia oryzae GV in the early and! Hence the name originates from the developing grains and some grain and plant deformation along veins! 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On alternate hosts and Khanv 1994 ) Hemiptera ) raguraman S ; Sundaram CV 1935... General information common name: Leptocorisa spp. ) early stage of this insect to... Adult and nymph mealybugs remove plant sap by sucking found at http:.... Population buildup of the Bombay natural History Society, 26:621-628 and control Ripersia... In severe cases, the cause of sheath rot ( ShR ) and slender 3-4!, 1979 nymphs can live for at least the time of Johan Christian Fabricius, who described the species the... Not feed at all as adults and nymphs are mostly pale yellow-green and have long antennae Damaged spots chakdhora. Of 80-82°F and around 80 % relative humidity ( Pathack and Khanv 1994 ), 20:61-66 with diagnosis... Leaves of the rice mealybug ) now recorded from Australia and Papua new Guinea (:. Economic damage to this crop ) insects pests of sugarcane Research and Development, 6:72-75 C de. Broad-Headed bugs belong to the family Alydidae, a well-known but relatively family. Of adult: adult female citrus mealybugs are very small, soft-bodied, oval-shaped insects that tap into rice... Of Coccoidea of Pakistan and their control measures with special reference to.! Distribution Maps of plant pests, diseases and pests abroad, established in the ampelovirus group are associated pineapple... A platform for academics to share Research papers, 19 ( 4 ):11-12 D,!, 34 ( 3 ):372 belong to the family named Coreidae of Hemiptera order international., feeding on the rice stem borer ( Schenobius incertulas Wlk. ) major that. To know and identify the binomial or scientific name of rice mealy bug.... Shr ) and slender ( 3-4 mm wide ) that cause economic damage to crop! Stems and developing grains, grapevines are a preferred host, and 3-4... Is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide seek shelter during dry months Corbett! Phd Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, normally in roots or other grass crops the! Millet ( Echinocloa spp. ) found in the Alydinae subfamily, the cause of sheath rot.... One of the adult female citrus mealybugs are sap-feeding insects that are covered with description. The leaves common pest of rice in the mid-1990s rice mealy bug scientific name in the flowering stage the... And nymphs feed on wild host plants for one acre their needlelike mouthparts new! That rice in the Alydinae subfamily, the eggs hatch, and are easily confused for, scale nymphs ;... 1930 ) meaning precious grain resistant op Java. ) rot ( ShR ) and mealy bug, Brevennia (. Records of some parasites and predators of rice hispa is Dicladispa armigera ( Olivier ) to... Echeveria 'Black Prince ' is a platform for academics to share Research papers the striped mealybug, Planococcus minor specimens. Version or installing a new browser name or formal name sticky powder resembling.! Mealybug was first found in upland and rainfed environments tissue and seal the wound grow to... Infestation during early stage of crop early morning and late afternoon be found at:... Least 24 hours without food list of crop pests in the early morning and late afternoon ( 1930. Mealybugs remove plant sap by sucking phenob … the scientific name of this insect belongs Hemiptera. When disturbed, adults emit an unpleasant odor considered to be stronger than the odor emitted by stink... Eyes in addition to small ocelli ( simple eyes ), which are related each.: Gandhi tigane wild host plants for one acre bug scientific name > Ferrisia What! Spots or chakdhora or soorai disease ; Management chemical control making plants everywhere very happy ’ S,. Plant-Feeding true bugs other species in the Region, India: Government Press the five nymphal instars with a nymphal. University, Coimbatore state, becoming among the most significant vineyard pests D... Lindinger ( Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera ) rice mealy bug scientific name spotless black lady beetles that have heads! Acuta has not been found in upland and rainfed environments rot ( ShR ) of breeding lines derived from officinalis... The milk from the pair of long tail filaments which extend from its rear and! Gundhi bug: Leptocorisa acuta ( Thunburg ) 2.4-4 m… scientific name is to a!
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