Young plants were harvested by Native Americansand used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce.  Regular and persistent tilling will greatly reduce its numbers, and the use of herbicides such as 2,4-D and glyphosate are effective control measures. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp.  In its peak season, nettle contains up to 25% protein, dry weight, which is high for a leafy green vegetable. Table 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica (μg/ g dry weight). The stinging hairs act a lot like a hypodermic needle when your skin brushes against them. "The Names of Plants". If I’m planning to eat it, I harvest the tips (wearing gloves) and snip the leaves into a bowl. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. , Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. The plant usually grows between two to four feet high and blooms from June to September. The leaves and stems of the plant are covered with brittle, hollow, hair-like structures. But you don’t have to read that book to learn how to make nourishing herbal infusions; you can learn quickly online, here. What Is Stinging Nettle? Stinging nettle manure is highly regarded as a mild plant protector and biological fertilizer in an ecologically farmed hobby garden. The stinging nettle is a plant found practically all over the world. The plant will be under a foot in height.  The term, contact urticaria, has a wider use in dermatology, involving dermatitis caused by various skin irritants and pathogens. , Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. Increase Your Energy Levels: Nettles are used as a traditional spring tonic to strengthen and support the entire body. This group of species can bring many benefits to the cannabis garden and the grower alike. dioica. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is found throughout Eurasia, North America, and northern Africa, and has been introduced to parts of South America. Stinging nettle is a nutritious plant popular in herb gardens throughout the world. A sure sign of spring is the new nettle shoots that are growing on the perennial nettle Urtica dioica (below left). The plant is considered an herbaceous perennial, meaning that it has herbal properties and grows back in the same areas year after year.  It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside.  The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a stinging sensation upon contact ("contact urticaria", a form of contact dermatitis). ), Or I drop them into soups. Another benefit of growing stinging nettle is that it actually can reduce the risk of …  However, in 2011, an early Bronze Age burial cist on Whitehorse Hill, Dartmoor, Devon was excavated. , In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. Just find the right spot, establish your nettle patch, and enjoy. You did a super packaging job. Today, it can be found all over the world, but its origins are in the colder regions of Europe and Asia. According to herbalist Rosemary Gladstar, nettle is also “one of the highest sources of digestible iron in plant form” (Gladstar, 1993, p. 29). It is less widespread in southern Europe and north Africa, where it is restricted by its need for moist soil, but is still common. Here are some ideas for making use of the free food and fertiliser that this under-appreciated weed has to offer. There are many other varieties of nettle that you can grow, but stinging nettle is the most common. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp.  Depending on the batch and the leave and stem content, nettle contains only traces of zeaxanthin or between 20 – 60 mg / kg of dry matter. See below Description. If you want your very own nettle patch, nettles are easy to grow and to propagate from runners. Many people will be able to relieve symptoms with home remedies. Often maligned due to its painful “stings,” stinging nettle is actually a flavorful, high-protein superfood with a long history of use as a culinary, medicinal, and fiber plant. If there is anything to that theory, then nettle must be among the most useful of them all. Keep this in mind when you consider where your nettle patch should be. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. . The plant has been shown to cleanse the body of metabolic waste and increase production of red blood cells. The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. Nettles can be used in a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and purée. U. dioica has a flavour similar to spinach mixed with cucumber when cooked, and is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, manganese, and calcium. The stinging nettle is known for its stinging effect when it meets the human body. Nettle is a deeply nourishing herb, helping to revitalize the entire body and increase overall health. You get the idea. Increase Your Energy Levels: Nettles are used as a traditional spring tonic to strengthen and support the entire body. It loves nitrogen and is often found colonizing old farmsteads. An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. Nettles, Stinging (Urtica dioica) potted plant, organic Last day to order plants for fall delivery is Nov 22, 2020. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. NE&GP: Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Required fields are marked *. Certain plants work particularly well side by side with cannabis and have earned the title of “companion plants”. When touched by bare hands, occur side effects such as itching, allergies. Vitamins A, C, D and B complex are all in this wonderful plant as well. A perennial plant to zone 2, nettle likes full sun but can grow in the shade, although shaded plants may not be as tall. Stinging nettle, or urtica dioica, is a perennial flowering plant that has been used medicinally for ages, dating back as far as Ancient Greece. Since stinging nettle plants spread by root runners, this can be hard to do. Like nettle leaves. It pre-dates the nettle; if I did this from scratch, I wouldn’t bother protecting the nettle from bandicoots. Nettles, Urtica spp. They need to stay in a closed container. Urtica urens (left) is the other common variety which is annual stinging nettle or dwarf nettle which I have been eating all winter. Take it from someone who is very familiar with both smells.). Stinging Nettle is a perennial herb growing nearly worldwide. In Dutch, a netelige situatie means a predicament. Stinging nettle plants are often compared to spinach because they can be used in the same ways that you would normally use spinach. And not just any food, but a super-food. The three stinging nettle starts arrived today in good shape. Stinging nettle has naturalized in nearly every state in the United States. Those “ dynamic accumulators ” readily take up nutrients and minerals from the soil, and then store them in highly bioavailable forms and concentrations in their leaves.   In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". Pick the first two or three pairs of leaves from the top of the plants. dioica) is introduced. Same bed (below), with nettle harvested and a new cardboard barrier in place.  The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. Burning nettle is found primarily in disturbed areas such as ditches, roadsides, fences rows and, unfortunately, in gardens. [failed verification]. Get the latest permaculture news stories straight in your inbox, The Advanced Permaculture Student Teacher's Guide, The Permaculture Student 2: A Collection of Regenerative Solutions (eBook), 8 plants that keep bugs far away from your house, Dominant Healthcare vs Marginalised Alternatives, Permaculture support needed in Jalaidh River, Nepal, Personal Responsibility and Causes for Consumerism, “We’re running out of oil!” – Formidable Vegetable Sound System Live on BBC London, It’s a resource that otherwise goes to landfill, It feeds my soil (appropriately balanced with other nitrogenous inputs I use) as it breaks down, Running weeds such as couch grass and nettle are much easier to pull out when they’re running under or over cardboard than over uncovered soil, since they’re loosely rooted if you catch them early enough. A very common plant, the stinging nettle can be found growing in gardens, hedgerows, fields, woodlands and many other habitats. I have a personal theory that the plants (“weeds”) that most persistently follow human beings about are those that have the most to offer us in terms of medicine, food, help in our gardens, and other useful things. How did I miss that?! With its yellow and pink flowers, it has heart-shaped leaves and grows best in nitrogen-rich soil. Stinging nettle is a plant. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.. Stinging nettle is a perennial flowering plant which has been used for ages because of its medicinal values. This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Minerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, Si, S, Cl) and trace elements (Ti, 80 ppm, Mn, Cu, Fe) contents depend mostly on the soil and the season. To use it, strain, dilute 1 part fertiliser to 10 parts water for the soil around your plants, or 1 part fertiliser to up to 20 parts water if using it on the leaves. There are 5 subspecies of which 4 have stinging hairs. This crop has gained the interest both scientifically and commercially because it is the source of many added-value natural products by exploiting all the plant parts (stem, leaves, roots and seeds). Since nettles prefer to grow in phosphorus-rich and nitrogen rich soils that have recently been disturbed (and thus aerated), the growth of nettles is an indicator that an area has high fertility (especially phosphate and nitrate), and thus is an indicator to gardeners as to the quality of the soil. Burning Nettle vs. Stinging Nettle. This will help you avoid using harmful chemical products while not losing in efficiency! Just to remind me and you that it’s not necessary to be super-human. , Urtica is derived from a Latin word meaning 'sting'. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. Although it’s often talked about in terms of its medicinal properties, I prefer to think of nettle as a food. Here are some ideas for making use of the free food and fertiliser that this under-appreciated weed has to offer.  Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. It contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a sash made from nettle fibre. Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. , Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. I wanted to show you cutting the nettle back at the edge of the bed, but I needed my cutting hand to hold the camera. About The Stinging Nettle Plant. Your email address will not be published. The European subspecies has been introduced into Australia, North America and South America.. The stinging nettle is the Red Admiral caterpillar's primary host plant and can attract migrating Red Admiral butterflies to a garden. Don’t use it on a given garden bed or potted plant more often than about once every 3 to 4 weeks. A perennial plant to zone 2, nettle likes full sun but can grow in the shade, although shaded plants may not be as tall. The stinging nettle is a plant found practically all over the world. Nettles are sometimes used in cheesemaking, for example in the production of Cornish Yarg and as a flavouring in varieties of Gouda. , In the UK, an annual World Nettle Eating Championship draws thousands of people to Dorset, where competitors attempt to eat as much of the raw plant as possible. Jewelweed has oval, green leaves with orange or yellow trumpet-shaped flowers. Plants are generally shorter than stinging nettle, reaching only 4 feet (1.2 m) tall at the most. You may want to reduce the amount of water you dilute it with when you think it’s getting a bit weaker. How do they sting?  After the stinging nettle enters its flowering and seed-setting stages, the leaves develop gritty particles called cystoliths, which can irritate the urinary tract. Medicinal Plants Stinging Nettle Nourishment for You and Your Garden. The plant is considered an herbaceous perennial, meaning that it has herbal properties and grows back in the same areas year after year. These hairs act like miniature hypodermic needles, injecting you with histamine, folic acid, and other substances that cause localized redness and pain. Stinging nettle spans to approximately two to four feet in height and blooms in June-September. Common stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial plant found in temperate regions throughout the world. They have herbal properties and grow in the same places every year. Stinging nettle has a long and diverse history of use for food, medicine, cordage, and dye. Stinging nettle herb is a very effective anti-inflammatory agent. If both varieties thrive in the catchment area, the smaller plant will be pushed into th… They look healthy and full of life. Those “ dynamic accumulators ” readily take up nutrients and minerals from the soil, and then store them in highly bioavailable forms and concentrations in their leaves. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) is a well-known plant species that is considered a weed in intensive agriculture. Their high nutritional value makes them ideal for anyone suffering from exhaustion, poor nutrition, or just general dis-ease. Cooking stinging nettle gets rid of the stinging hairs. Stinging nettle is used for diabetes and osteoarthritis.  They are also one of the few plants that can tolerate, and flourish in, soils rich in poultry droppings. The soft, green leaves are 3 to 15 cm (1 to 6 in) long and are borne oppositely on an erect, wiry, green stem. The leaves and stems of the plant are covered with brittle, hollow, hair-like structures. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Plant in full sun or partial shade. Above: nettle infusion, a staple drink in our house, which I learned about in Healing Wise. Read on, and I’ll tell you a number of reasons why. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America.  Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. The common British Stinging Nettle is known for the tiny stinging hairs which cause irritation to the skin upon contact. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs).  U. dioica can be a troubling weed, and mowing can increase plant density. Touching a nettle plant with bare skin will produce a stinging or burning sensation.  The highest vitamin contents can be found in the leaves.. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) originated in Europe but now grows on every continent but Antarctica, where-ever there is fertile, moist soil, and particularly where the soil has been disturbed. Rich in plant protein, it also has high levels of phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, beta-carotene, and incredible amounts of iron. (Don’t keep it near the house. Table 1: Fatty acid content of different plant organs of U. , The fibre content in nettle shows a high variability and reaches from below 1% to 17%. Stinging nettle belongs to a special group of plants referred to as “dynamic accumulators”, which also includes yarrow, borage, fava beans, comfrey, dandelion, miner’s lettuce, and chickweed. There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. In the wild it can be found around creek beds, in low areas, and near running water. I really was hoping to get them going this year. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica Type - PERENNIAL Exposure: Sun - Shade Moisture: Moist Max height: 6 Growing ease: high Container tolerance: high Attracts: butterflies, caterpillars (HOST PLANT) Uses: Edible (new leaves before flowering), tea This plant also contains stinging properties like Stinging Nettle, and is in the same family (Urticaceae). When you brush against the plant, the tip of the hair breaks off. (Caution: Nettle can be harvested for eating any time except when it’s flowering or seeding. Why would I want a stinging plant to spread out? , As Old English stiðe, nettle is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in 10th century traditional medicine. Nettle, Urtica dioica, is an herbaceous perennial in the Urticaceae family that is often found growing wild in the understory of riparian zones, on the edges of meadows, in open forests, or in disturbed soils near pasture. Stinging nettle is a large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall. In the wild it can be found around creek beds, in low areas, and near running water. Discover fermented stinging nettle tea, an excellent fertilizer for plants in both gardens and vegetable patches, and an amazing pest control agent for most parasites like aphids.. I have never tasted a cooked green – either wild or domestic – that I like better. Managing Pests and Disease. Stinging nettle herb is such a magical herb that also reduce the chances of communicable diseases and increase your immunity. These leaves are generally 6 inches (15 cm) long and about 4 inches (10 cm) wide. If you’re wild-harvesting nettle, look for it near stream banks and ponds, and in low, shady areas. Your email address will not be published. It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire. Stinging nettle is particularly found as an understory plant in wetter environments, but it is also found in meadows. In order for the flexible natural remedy to fully take effect, it is important to properly utilize it. Stinging nettle, Urtica dioica, has leaves and stems with tiny, hollow, tipped hairs. I was expecting maybe bare roots wrapped in a moist paper towel and plastic bag. Direct seeding is possible, but leads to great heterogeneity in maturity. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. Stinging Nettle Rash.  Urtication, or flogging with nettles is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation. I’m sure an internet search would yield lots of information though. This broken hair acts like a hypodermic needle to inject formic acid (also found in ant bites), histamine, acetylcholine and other irritants. (I’ve shared some links at the end of this article to resources that describe its amazing nutritional profile.). When the bucket gets low, it can be topped up with more water a few times. Caused by eating wrong type of food. Your nettles will be ready to harvest between 80-90 days from seed. The stinging nettle is a specie of plant that belongs to the Urticaceae family. The root and above ground parts are used as medicine. The metaphor may refer to the fact that if a nettle plant is grasped firmly rather than brushed against, it does not sting so readily, because the hairs are crushed down flat and do not penetrate the skin so easily.. 1994. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) has been a staple in herbal medicine since ancient times. In this video we find out what really happens when you get stung by a stinging nettle. Stinging Nettle may be one of the most nutrient dense plants you could ever hope to eat. Standard deviations are given in brackets. Stinging Nettle – A Wild and Unruly Plant. , Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles. You’ll often find it sneaking along beside, through, or under the walls of barns, stables, gardens, and houses. I like using cardboard as a barrier because; The chicken wire was put there to keep the bandicoots out of this section of raised beds. Preserving Nettle Plants. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. It occurs in moist sites along streams, meadow, and ditches, on mountain slopes, in woodland clearings, and in disturbed areas. Stinging Nettle Recipes.  The leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers.
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